I can see 3 layers but I don’t agree with the specifics of the implemenation or naming.
These are my definitions:
solutions are “paths” from “resources”.
resources are what developers are building or have built.
There is an ongoing dialog between the stakeholders in the three layers (marketing, users, developers).
It’s important that the bottom layer be BOTH resources and solutions, some resources already exist and can be mapped to problems.
The top can be the unique selling points (USP), the goal of this framework is to help to map, existing and emerging “resources” to user problems. Hopefully from there the gaps become evident.
Here’s the updated framework with adjustments to support @djay’s three layered concept BUT treating solutions as “paths”.
To make it more interesting, a Unique Selling Point is derived by analysing the benefits and determining how to sell it to an audience.